All of us are used to such polluting cloth as polyester and cotton. But very soon they may be left in the past as inventors think of new materials for making clothes. Every day eco-fabrics becomes more and more popular among fashion designers known all over the world. Besides, this fabric is often made of waste things. But what is already in use nowadays? Nowadays fabrics of plastic bottles, corn, wood pulp and coconut husks are already adopted to making unusual clothing of it. The rest of the materials seem to be very weird and innovative. I mean cloth of fermented wine, hagfish slime, spoiled milk and finally genetically engineered bacteria.
Very Unusual Fabrics Produced Of Fermented Wine
Experts at the University of Western Australia created new material. They just multiplied microbes in wine. These scientists cultured new bacteria (“Acetobacter”) in cheap red wine. The bacteria can ferment the alcohol into fibers. Then you can extract the fibers and use them in making unusual fabrics. However there`s one but serious drawback of such material. It has a special smell, because Acetobacter interact with each other in such a way that in the end vinegar is produced.
Strong Sewing Materials Of Wood Pulp
Such sewing materials substitute for leather and traditional artificial leather as well. So you don`t need to use any chemicals in production of this cloth. Fabric made of polyester and wood pulp is called Naoran. It has such characteristics as softness, flexibility, water- and tear-resistance.
They Use Hagfish Slime To Make Threads And Then Fabrics
First of all, what is hagfish? This is a slime-producing marine fish that looks like an eel. This animal lives in the sea. It`s peculiar, because it has a skull, but doesn`t have a vertebral column.
Researchers got to know that the slime of these fish has proteins. And they have approximately the same qualities as the spider silk. So such unusual clothing materials of hagfish slime can be used in bio-material fashion performances. And I am sure you could never even think of it before! It`s a real shock indeed!
Vega Wang Rocks!
Vega Wang is a Chinese fashion designer, who graduated from Central Saint Martins in 2008. She always tried to emphasize her love to light, finding new unusual ways of making design clothing. The designer used organic animations and electroluminescence in her fashion shows. By the way, both of her parents are electrical engineers. So that’s the heart of the matter.
The new line ”Alpha Lyrae” is also Vega`s exploration of electroluminescence in making clothes. But this time she derived her inspiration from deep space, but not from the deep sea.
Vega managed to combine technology and fashion in ”Alpha Lyrae”. This is very exciting and futuristic. The models were wearing pulsating dresses which radiated cosmic blue light. Isn`t it pleasing to the eye? It reminds me as if our fantastic cosmic dreams have already come true!
The Use Of Metabolically Engineered Bacteria For Making Spider Silk
Have you ever thought how strong spider silk is? Kevlar and steel are three times weaker than it. Besides, spider silk is even thinner than a human hair. It`s used for creating very valuable fabric. However it`s not that easy to farm and harvest spider silk. That`s why geneticists had to find a way of chemically synthesizing the silk gene and inserting it into special bacteria (E. coli bacteria).
So you see that fashion design ideas need fertile imagination.
Such textiles are made of corn. And as for synthetic fibers, very often they contain petroleum. At present, recycled and natural materials are increasing in popularity. Ingeo is a kind of a material that is derived from corn starches.
Ingeo can be used for making clothing, bio-plastics and home textiles.
Fiber Of Spoiled Milk
Every person would throw spoiled milk away. But not “Qmilch”. This German company produces textiles from protein derived from soured milk. The production of such fabric doesn`t demand harmful chemicals or big quantities of water. As strange as it may seem, spoiled milk can be very useful for creating high-end fashion.
Anke Domaske, a former biochemist, who`s now a fashion designer. This person invented “Qmilch”, a type of textiles, made of milk. Even such stars as Ashlee Simpson and Mischa Barton prefer “Mademoiselle Chi Chi” label. And this is Anke Domaske`s label.
How it`s all made? The material is produced from milk. It is fermented before turning into a powder. After this the substance must be heated and mixed with the rest of natural components. And then we have yarn.
20000 litres of water is needed for the process of making 1 kilo of cotton. And for 1 kilo of “Qmilch” only 2 litres of water is needed. The difference is obvious. But the production of this fabric is still rather expensive. A kilo of “Qmilch” costs 30$ and a kilo of cotton costs 3,8$.
If to compare “Qmilch” with silk, the production of the last one depends on the weather and the markets. The cost of the German company`s material is supposed to be stable, which must only increase its popularity.
What is more, the textile is non-allergenic. So hotel and hospital bedding, car upholstery can also be made of “Qmilch”.
How To Make Polyester Of Plastic Bottles?
This kind of yarn is called “Newlife”. It`s made of recycled plastic bottles. For this only mechanical (not chemical) processes are used. The fabric is made in Italy. It`s now used in making different types of clothing (medical uniforms, underwear, sportswear, fashionable dresses) and furnishings.
Moreover, Giorgio Armani created a beautiful dress for Livia Firth at the 2012 Golden Globe Awards.
To be more precise, Colin Firth`s wife, Livia Firth had two unusual gowns to show people at the Academy Awards and Golden Globes. Both dresses, made by Valentino and Giorgio Armani, featured “Newlife”.
The process is like this. First of all, plastic bottles must be broken down into flakes. After this they are melted and are turned into a polymer, which becomes a fiber. The whole process is done by two Italian companies. The responsibility of “Demap” is to collect bottles. And “Dentis” must turn the material into a polymer.
Such a material can be made with UV resistance, sun protection, with quick drying, antibacterial, moisture- and thermal-management properties.
The production of “Newlife” saves 60 % of energy, 30 % of CO2 emissions and 94 % of water compared with making traditional polyester.
Rachel Rodwell Uses Coffee Pods Right
Rachel Rodwell found an inspiration in creative ideas of local people in Kerala, India. They use different waste things creating surprising trinkets. And Rachel collects used coffee pods. She gathered them from the members of her family and friends, smashed the pods with a meat tenderizer, reconfigured them into different geometric forms. The colours are chosen to show the beauty of the culture of India.
This Yarn Is Made Of Newspapers
Ivano Vitali creates really extraordinary gowns and other pieces of clothing from recycled newsprint. He doesn`t use dyes, glue or silicone in his work. He makes strips of the newspapers, twists them into balls of yarn and then crochets them into textile. The art that you can wear! Sounds very interesting! If to sort the printed materials by colour – beautiful jackets, dresses and bikinis can be designed.
Protective uniforms mustn`t be torn. Otherwise they can be thrown away. Recently “intelligent” material has been invented, that heals itself. Scientists at “The Foundation for Scientific and Industrial Research” (SINTEF) made microcapsules with a substance like glue. So if the clothing tears, this substance is released. It fills in the gaps and becomes very hard when contacting to water and air.
Coconut Husks For Making Clothes?
Can you imagine coconut husks turn into fabric? But it`s true! “Cocona” is a trademark that began using coconut waste in making clothes. The clothing is very light, comfortable and perfect for sport.
Maybe it seems unbelievable, but realizing such crazy ideas does change our life. And what used to be fantastic in the past becomes absolutely real today.
Amy Congdon And Her ”Biological Atelier”
Amy Congdon, a revolutionary fashion designer, thinks people will grow different textiles in laboratories in the future. She created a design project “Biological Atelier” that is a workshop, in which fashion clothing is grown from cells.
How To Create Clothes From Cassette Tapes?
Alyce Santoro is a sound designer and conceptual artist. She invented a very extraordinary kind of a material called “sonic fabric”. It consists of 50 % of cassette tape and 50 % of polyester. The textile reminds of denim. But it also can play music!
At first sonic fabric was just an artwork. But nowadays an unusual material is used for producing dresses, bags, various accessories and so on. The designer uses the cassettes with songs of her favourite performers and also real-world sounds (sounds of the wind, ocean, bird singing).
When Alyce was a child, she used to race sailboats using cassette tapes. They indicated the direction of the wind like “tell-tales”. Many years later the woman began developing her sonic fabric. She knitted strands of tape together to form square prototypes. There also were textile sheets made with the help of a loom.
In the future Alyce Santoro wants to cooperate with different performers and musicians for her works of art to become more popular and known all over the world.
So you see, that the world of the unusual fabrics is wide and very unexpected.